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澳洲新媒體,傳播專業碩士論文代寫范文

新聞傳播學類專業代寫傳媒media essay,代寫英國留學生媒體與 傳播學論文 -dissertation寫作,加拿大傳播學論文代寫,Media傳媒代寫:最靠譜的北美代寫,turnitin保過 。 傳播專業碩士論文..

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澳洲新媒體,傳播專業碩士論文代寫范文

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新聞傳播學類專業代寫傳媒media essay,代寫英國留學生媒體與傳播學論文-dissertation寫作,加拿大傳播學論文代寫,Media傳媒代寫:最靠譜的北美代寫,turnitin保過 。

傳播專業碩士論文代寫范文

企業通信術語定義管理功能,提供所有內部和外部的利益相關者群體賴以建立和保持良好的聲譽依賴于組織的總體目標的有效溝通協調框架。Cees van Riel也定義了企業通信的管理工具,通過它所有的自覺運用形式的內部和外部溝通協調盡可能有效和高效地與總體目標創建良好的基礎與群體。”。這些團體和個人在這樣的群體被稱為利益相關者,定義了一個利益相關者為“能影響或是由該組織的宗旨和目標的實現受到影響的任何團體或個人”。利益相關者的任何組織形式,組織和有效的溝通之間的整體性能的一個關鍵組成部分,這些利益相關者是一個必要的保證一般光滑的組織運作。這是因為組織的設置可以被描述為一個復雜的系統,是錯綜復雜的連接技術。

The term Corporate Communication defines a management function that offers a framework for the effective coordination of all internal and external communication with the overall purpose of establishing and maintaining favourable reputations with stakeholder groups upon which the organisation is dependent (Cornelissen, 2008: 5). Cees van Riel also defines corporate communications as, 'an instrument of management by means of which all consciously used forms of internal and external communications are harmonized as effectively and efficiently as possible' with the overall objective of creating 'a favourable basis for relationships with groups upon which the company is dependant.' (van Riel, 1995: 26). These groups and the individuals within such groups are referred to as stakeholders and Freeman (1984), defines a stakeholder as 'any group or individual who can affect or is affected by the achievement of the organisation's purpose and objectives' (Freeman, 1984: 46, cited in Cornelissen, 2008). The stakeholders of any organisation form a key part of the overall performance of that organisation and effective communication between and amongst these stakeholders is a requisite for ensuring a generally smooth organizational operation (Scholes and Clutterbuck, 1998). This is because the organisational setting can be described as a complex system where people are intricately connected with processes, situations and technology and in touch with them daily (Helenbergh and Scoubeau, 2005).

The Stakeholder Model of Strategic Management (Cornelissen, 2008: 39) illustrates a two-way mode of communication between an organisation and all its stakeholders that presupposes that each group or individual legitimately connected with that organisation is equally important to the organisation irrespective of the benefits they may derive by virtue of being the organisation's stakeholders. In an 'over-communicated' world such as currently exists, the question of whether or not stakeholders are genuinely interested in what organisations have to say is debatable, however, what is certain is that it is difficult for business organisations to catch the attention of its customers, moreover sustain their interest (Christensen and Cheny, 2000; Schudson, 1993). They suggest that this is the reason why organisations are increasingly more aggressive in their external communications strategies. Christensen and Cheney (2000) further concede that the 'corporate communication environment has become extremely complex and volatile' (pg. 250). Aside from business organisations pushing for bigger profits through marketing campaigns a growing awareness in corporate ethics and integrity could have also spurred a desire on the part of customers and other stakeholders, to know and be involved in issues related to corporate businesses (Scholes and Clutterbuck, 1998). Such knowledge and involvement would only become manifest if there existed some information flow between stakeholders and the organisations (Schultz et al., 2000). Figure 2.1 illustrates Stakeholder Theory, highlighting the customer/client as this is the stakeholder group this study is focusing on.

According to Scholes and Clutterbuck (1998), there must be a conscious effort to manage individual stakeholder groups in a cohesive manner by integrating messages to and from them. Jones (2001, cited in Dickenger et al., 2004:2), suggests that this two-way information flow between the customer and the organisation enhances service and feedback between these two parties. Similarly, Spaul (1997, see Rice and Katz, 2003) points out a concept of 'corporate dialogue', involving stakeholders being 'allowed immediate access to a broad range of internally generated corporate information and more informal material' which will invariably lead to a sense of 'power to construct their own reports'. This could lead

by companies that stakeholder management activities are intended to "increase the value of the company by delivering more value to the stakeholders including customers and employees" and are therefore a core part of the overall corporate strategy (pg. 432). Corporate organisations especially those in the service industry are aware of this and make use of all available means of external communications, especially the media to reach out to their customers (Holmlund et al., 1996; Lai, 2004).

The advent of the World Wide Web and the internet at the end of the 20th century heralded the divide between traditional forms of media such as television, radio, newspapers, magazines and more modern forms of media that made extensive use of digital technologies. Through the latter, the term 'new media' as been used to categorize not only internet based communications but also mobile communications through cellular devices. This introduction has allowed for much more flexibility and direct communication through marketing (Yuang and Cheng, 2004).

The growing popularity of new media has changed the media and communications landscape as a whole (Roach, 2009). Previously, people were largely at the 'receiving end' of a one-way information flow from a minority of people who controlled the content. Now however, new media has provided a platform on which 'receivers' can now express themselves through websites, internet hosted videos and chatrooms, blogs, SMS, MMS and social media platforms (Bauer et al., 2005; Roach, 2009; Pastore, 2002). To some, the internet therefore becomes an attractive tool for 'communication for the "voiceless," furthering the rights of self-expression and cultural participation' Livingston, 2004). Yet, other writers such as Mei et al. (2010) question the aura of greatness and positive hype that surrounded new media since it emerged. Although they concede that the internet has indeed created a platform for corporate firms to have 'unlimited possibilities of connection with stakeholders and to further their agenda' (pg. 143), they lay strong emphasis on the threat of new media to corporate organisations by highlighting the way new media has become a catalyst for crisis, and cite cases such as the 'Taco Bell rats infestation incident in New York' in February 2007 and the 'Edison Chen sex scandal' in Hong Kong in January 2008 as some examples (Mei et al., 2010: 146). The double edged nature of new media perhaps materializes once a single message- or content is disseminated into the public domain through a new media platform; many people then have access or the ability to edit such information in a vindictive manner that usually ends up in a crises (Tilley and Cokley, 2008; Mei et al. 2010). Nevertheless, the ease of content production has also made the internet and mobile phone telephony a more attractive alternative to other forms of media like television giving rise to interactive communication that generates feedback. Understanding customers is crucial for communicators and marketers because it provides a basis for competitive advantage amongst competitors within the same industry (Fill, 1999). Communication specialists therefore value interactive spheres where stakeholders can also provide feedback about their products or services (Cornelissen, 2008).


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